Taxes in the Colonies
1651 1651,1660 & 1663 The Navigation Acts. The colonies represented a lucrative source of wealth and trade -
1661 The Tariff of 1661 imposed a series of duties on the importation of goods to Britain from foreign countries and colonies
1663 The Navigation Act of 1663, also called the Act for the Encouragement of Trade or the Staple Act, was passed in the English Parliament
1673 The Navigation Act of 1673 (aka the Plantation Duty Act) was enacted to the plantations to trade exclusively with England and to redirect revenue to England. The Plantation Duty Act placed a penny tax on each pound of tobacco, it required a five-
1675 The Lords of Trade were appointed in England to enforce the new mercantile system and maximize potential profits for England
1677 Culpeper’s Rebellion: Rebellion against the Colonial Government in Carolina and the Navigation Acts led by John Culpeper. The rebellion succeeded in disposing the governor and placing Culpeper in his position. John Culpeper was removed in 1679
1688 King James II appointed Sir Edmund Andros to serve as Captain General and Governor in Chief of New England. Sir Edmund Andros caused dissension with the colonists as he did not have to answer to any elected assembly
1688 1688 -
1689 February 1689 The Glorious Revolution. The Protestant William III and Mary II officially replace the Catholic James II as monarchs of England. The English Bill of Rights enables Parliament to control laws and taxes in the Colonies in America
1689 March 1689 The Glorious Revolution Sparks Revolt in the colonies. Boston militia seized Sir Edmund Andros and put him in jail.
1689 Leisler's Rebellion. Jacob Leisler (1640-
1696 Salutary Neglect. Salutary neglect was an English policy used to avoid the strict enforcement of parliamentary laws in Colonial America. This gave the colonies considerable freedom in economic matters and was designed to keep the American colonies obedient to England. The English government established the Board of Trade to oversee colonial policies.
1696 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's first prime minister. Walpole promoted a relaxed attitude toward enforcement of colonial trade laws, thereby approving the Policy of Salutary Neglect.
1699 Parliament passes the Wool Act, which prohibits the export of American made cloth from its colony of origin.
1707 1707 The Union between England and Scotland created the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' and the term British, as opposed to English, is then used in reference to the colonists in North America.
1732 Parliament passes the Hat Act, preventing the trade of American-
1732 Debt Recovery Act, which declared land and slaves to be the equivalent of property for the purpose of satisfying debts owed by colonists.
1733 Navigation Act of 1733, also known as the Molasses Act levied heavy taxes on sugar from the West Indies to the American colonies forcing colonists to purchase the more costly sugar from Britain
1750 The Iron Act was designed to restrict the manufacturing activities in the colonies
1763 The end of the French and Indian War (Seven years War) left the British with a massive war debt. George Grenville became the British Prime Minister and to pay the war debt the British, under the leadership of Grenville ended their policy of Salutary Neglect in the colonies. The British started to enforce the laws of the Navigations Acts and looked for ways of imposing new taxes in the colonies.
1763 Proclamation of 1763 was an attempt by the British crown to separate white settlements from Indian country
1764 Sugar Act -
1764 Currency Act -
1765 The Quartering Act: The first of a series of Laws requiring the provision of housing, food and drink to British troops stationed in towns designed to improve the living conditions of troops whilst decreasing the cost to the crown
1765 The Stamp Act of 1765 placed a stamp duty (tax) on legal papers, newspapers and pamphlets. Vehement opposition by the Colonies, led by patriots such as Patrick Henry, resulted in the repeal of the act in 1766.
1765 The Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty was an an organization (a secret society) formed by American Patriots who opposed British measures against the colonists, and agitated for resistance
1765 The Nonimportation Agreements (1765–75). Associations were organized by Sons of Liberty and Whig merchants to boycott English goods In response to new taxes. American colonists were discouraged from purchasing of British imports.
1766 The Declaratory Act: Declaration by the British Parliament that accompanied repeal of the Stamp Act stating that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to make laws binding on the American colonies
1767 Townshend Acts -
1770 March 5, 1770: The Boston Massacre during which British troops killed 5 Boston civilians.
1773 Tea Act -
1774 December 16: The Boston Tea Party -
1774 Intolerable (Coercive) Acts: The Intolerable Acts also known as Coercive Acts were a were a reprisal to the Boston Tea party rebellion. A package of five laws aimed at restoring authority in its colonies
March 31, 1774: The Boston Port Act
May 20, 1774: The Massachusetts Government Act
May 20, 1774: The Administration of Justice Act
June 2, 1774: The Quartering Act
June 22, 1774: The Quebec Act established on June 22, 1774
1774 First Continental Congress
1775 March 23, 1775 -
1775 50 Facts about the Declaration of Independence
The American Revolution (1775-
Taxes in the Colonies